greenLRAppendix B - Community Mitigation
Appendix D - HMPC Hazard Identification andgreenR

Appendices

2009 Marshall County Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan


2004 Plan Implementation Status

Scope and Methodology

As part of the 2009 plan update, each jurisdiction revisited its original five-year mitigation action program from the 2004 Marshall County, Alabama, Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan. FEMA guidance requires this review of previous mitigation actions. Each action or project must be identified as completed, deleted or deferred actions. If a mitigation action remained unchanged, the jurisdiction must explain why no changes occurred. The community must also describe any challenges that hindered implementation of mitigation measures and how these might be dealt with in future updates. Technical, political, financial, legal, administrative, and agency coordination issues need to be evaluated for any potential hindrances to effective implementation of mitigation measures.

This appendix includes the Community Mitigation Action Programs adopted by Marshall County and its participating jurisdictions in the 2004 plan. Actions identified in the 2004 plan were evaluated to obtain the current implementation status. Each jurisdiction or agency responsible for implementing a mitigation measure in 2004 was asked to provide a status update by classifying each action as completed, ongoing but completed, deferred, or deleted. Further, agencies were asked to provide comments on any milestones achieved or impediments to implementation of the mitigation measures.

To accomplish this status assessment, a questionnaire based on the mitigation action program from the 2004 plan was distributed to each jurisdiction. This questionnaire was sent to all members of the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee and the lead agencies or persons responsible for implementing each action. The survey provided each jurisdiction with a mechanism to provide feedback on the implementation status of the mitigation measures along with any relevant comments.

Results from this survey are highlighted on the table found in this appendix. The table shows an identifying number for each jurisdiction (e.g., Marshall County is 1, City of Albertville is 2, City of Arab is 3, etc.) for cross reference to the reasons for not completing the measure. If a mitigation measure was deferred or recommended for deletion, the jurisdiction was required to give the reason. The reasons for deferring or deleting a measure were categorized as lack of funding, administrative, political, technical, or legal. These categories are defined below:



Lack of funding

Lack of funding or budget constraints impeded the implementation of the mitigation measure

Administrative

Inadequate staff resources to implement and maintain the mitigation measure

Political

Lacks local political support of the mitigation measure

Technical

Mitigation measure was not technically feasible

Legal

Lacks the legal authority to implement the mitigation measure

Summary of Results

Table C-1. 2004 Plan Implementation Status

Key to Status Abbreviations:

C= Completed O=Completed but Ongoing D=not completed, defer for the 2009 Plan Update X=not completed, delete

NR= No Response NA = Not Applicable

Numbers next to "Reason for not Completing Mitigation Measure" refers to jurisdiction (e.g., number 4, refers to Boaz)

#

Mitigation Measure

Marshall County1
Albertville2
Arab3
Boaz4
Gunterville5
Douglas6
Grant7
Union Grove8

Reason for not Completing Mitigation Measure

1.1.1

Maintain up-to-date comprehensive plans for all municipalities.

C

D

C

C

D

3, 8 Lack of funding

1.1.2

Integrate the findings and recommendations of this plan into comprehensive plan amendments for jurisdictions with active comprehensive planning programs

C

D

D

D

D

3, 4, 8 Lack of funding 5Techncial

1.1.3

Review and amend existing planning documents to be certain the vulnerability and environmental suitability of lands for future development are clearly addressed; local plans should address the vulnerability of designated hazard areas and encourage open space planning to create amenities for recreation and conservation of fragile resources

C

C

D

X

D

D

3, 5, 8 Lack of funding 4Political

1.1.4

Review plans for lessening agricultural damage and recovery during extended periods of extreme heat

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

1.1.5

Prepare and adopt a comprehensive plan, which establishes a long-range program for the protection and mitigation of properties from flood damages

O

D

D

4 Political 4, 8Lack of funding

1.2.1

Maintain risk assessment data in GIS, including flood zones, tornado tracks, sinkhole threat areas, dam inundation areas, disaster events, and a comprehensive inventory of critical facilities within all jurisdictions.

D

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

1.2.2

Integrate FEMA HAZUS-MH applications for hazard loss estimations within local GIS programs. Maintain up-to-date data within GIS to apply the full loss estimation capabilities of HAZUS.

C

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Technical (all jurisdictions)

1.2.3

Document the extents of each flooding event using GIS.

D

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

1.2.4

Work with Work with TVA, the NWS, and the County GIS to develop detailed inundation mapping downstream of Guntersville and Nickajack Dams

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Administrative (all jurisdictions)

1.3.1

Seek a countywide update of all FIRMs in digital format, with an emphasis on detailed studies of developed and developing areas with elevations provided and floodways delineated. Areas with potential flood mitigation values should be identified and mapped. Include detailed mapping of flash floodprone areas. Identify areas that have unique flooding and storm related issues.

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Lack of financial resources (all jurisdictions)

1.3.2

Carry out detailed planning and engineering studies for sub-basins in critical flood hazard areas to determine watershed-wide solutions to flooding. Develop comprehensive watershed-scale storm management plan.

C

D

D

3 ,4 Lack of funding & Technical

1.3.3

Conduct wildfire vulnerability assessments. Prepare a comprehensive inventory to identify high and moderate wildfire risk areas. Assess the vulnerability of critical facilities and number of residential properties in these risk areas.

D

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

1.3.4

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Administrative (all jurisdictions)

1.3.5

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from tornado events and identify needed structural upgrades.

X

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Administrative (all jurisdictions)

1.4.1

Consider large lot size restrictions on flood-prone areas designated on Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

X

1 No zoning authority 3Economical & Technical

1.4.2

Evaluate additional land use restrictions within designated flood zones, such as prohibition of storage of buoyant materials, storage of hazardous materials, restrictive development of flood ways, among others.

NR

C

1 No zoning authority

1.5.1

Update zoning regulations to include mandatory open space provisions for planned residential developments

C

1.5.2

Update zoning regulations to include maximum impervious surface standards for non-residential

developments.

D

3 Lack of funding

1.5.3

Update zoning regulations to protect hazardous slopes, thereby preventing landslides and preserving vegetation to filter runoff for water quality protection.

1.5.4

Consider open space controls for conserving sinkhole prone areas and their surroundings

C

1.6.1

Train local flood plain managers through programs offered through the State Flood Plain Manager and FEMA's training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

C

D

3 Lack of funding & Administrative

1.6.2

Maintain a library of technical assistance and guidance materials to support the local floodplain manager.

D

C

C

1.6.3

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

C

D

3 Lack of funding

1.6.4

Develop guidelines for management of development around flood prone areas and other areas of high flood mitigation values, such as, wetlands, floodplain corridors, upland storage, closed depressional basins and areas of high filtration potential.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

1.6.5

Promote the adoption of a uniform flood hazard prevention ordinance with higher regulatory standards that discourage flood plain development and seek to maintain the natural and beneficial functions of flood plains.

D

C

3 Lack of funding

1.6.6

Require delineation of flood plains, floodways, and wetlands on all development plans within a flood plain.

D

3 Administrative

1.6.7

Perform flood studies to determine the need for the Towns of Douglas, Grant, and Union Grove entering the NFIP. Should such studies determine the need for NFIP participation, a comprehensive Flood Insurance Study and Flood Insurance Rate Maps would be prepared for each town. Thereafter, each town would enact a flood hazard prevention ordinance and enter the NFIP as a regular member

D

D

D

6 ,7, 8 Administrative

1.7.1

Promote good construction practices and proper code enforcement to eliminate most structural problems during natural hazard events

D

C

C

3 Lack of funding

1.7.2

Adopt the International Code Series

C

C

1.7.3

Evaluate building code standards for roof construction to assure protection against wind damage from hurricanes, tornadoes, and wind-storms; encourage installation of hurricane clips.

C

C

D

X

3 Administrative 4Not required by IBC

1.7.4

Encourage the repositioning of as many utility lines as possible underground. Consider local regulations to require the placement of all new utility lines underground.

C

C

NR

C

C

D

D

NR

6 Utilities company will not move lines 7 Administrative 7Lack of funding

1.7.5

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters

C

NR

C

NR

D

NR

NR

6 Administrative

1.7.6

Increase enforcement of existing open burning laws

NR

1.7.7

Establish and enforce minimum property maintenance standards to eliminate unsafe structures

NR

1.8.1

Enact local ordinances to require community storm shelters within sizeable mobile home parks and subdivisions

D

4 Lack of funding

1.9.1

Require various open space and landscaping standards for land development proposals

NR

X

4 Political

1.10.1

Enact and enforce a storm water management ordinance that maintains pre-development runoff rates.

NR

D

C

4 Lack of funding

4 Administrative

1.10.2

Review subdivision regulations to be certain all hazard areas are addressed. These regulations should provide for the dispensing of runoff water to a natural drain are or to on-site storage lakes. The lakes would control the amount of runoff, allowing for a constant flow.

O

C

1.11.1

Maintain a comprehensive inventory of dams and failure inundation areas within GIS.

X

1.11.2

Promote legislation to establish a State dam safety program

D

1 Political

1.12.1

Apply for/maintain membership in the CRS Program

X

1 Administrative

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain

C

C

D

C

D

C

D

D

1 Not applicable

3, 5, 7, 8 Lack of funding and Administrative

2.2.1

Provide technical assistance to owners of vulnerable buildings to advise on available building retrofits to protect against natural hazards damages, including flooding, high winds, tornadoes, severe storms, and earthquakes

O

C

C

C

D

X

D

C

5 Political

6, 7 Administrative 7Lack of funding

2.3.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by

property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

D

O

O

O

O

3.1.1

Publicize the availability of FIRM information to real estate agents, builders, developers, and homeowners through local trade publications and newspaper announcements.

C

D

NR

C

C

D

1, 2, 8 Administrative

3.2.1

Identify other environmental awareness events to

integrate public information on hazard exposure and protection measures

C

C

C

3.2.2

Host and promote educational programs for

installation contractors with the help of the Home

Builders Association on ways to stabilize existing and future mobile homes against straight-line and tornado force winds.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.3

Continue to work with local governments to coordinate public awareness campaigns on tornado safety and preparedness in their local newspapers and government letters.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.4

Educate the public to secure all loose items on decks, porches and in yards

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.5

Streamline the planning process for citizens to receive flood-fighting information and provide information and assistance

D

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.6

Develop an educational program informing citizens

within the flood zone of their location and/or proximity to streams.

C

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Administrative

(all jurisdictions)

3.2.7

Educate citizens on viable flood protection options and methods appropriate for risk level.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.8

Educate citizens on the need to keep storm drains clear of debris

C

C

C

C

C

X

C

C

6 Town has no storm drains

3.2.9

Develop an educational public awareness campaign informing citizens of land management and landscaping options to limit wildfire spread

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.10

Develop a fire safety, protection, and prevention

outreach program for builders, developers, and the

general public.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.11

Encourage water conservation through public outreach programs prior to a drought event.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.12

Implement and distribute Drought Dos and Don'ts. to the general public.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.13

Establish a countywide drought information center

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.14

Provide emergency preparedness information and

resources relative to earthquake events to the public through an active education and outreach program

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.15

Provide a safety service program that informs the public of the need to plan and prepare for all hazards to reduce the impact of an earthquake disaster and aid the recovery.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

3.2.16

Organize local veterinarians to educate public on

handling of pets, livestock, and wild animals during

disasters.

3.2.17

Expand the role of the City of Arab EMA Committee to include more mitigation and public outreach and education activities (as opposed to its present primary role as a response organization).

C

D

3 Administrative

3.2.18

Expand the use of county and city-sponsored Web sites to disseminate hazard mitigation information.

C

3.3.1

Arrange with the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) to require floodplain location disclosure as a condition for each real estate listing.

D

X

2 No buildings in floodplain

3.3.2

Partner with insurance companies to disseminate flood insurance information to citizens in flood prone areas.

C

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Administrative (all jurisdictions)

3.4.1

Obtain free publications from FEMA, NWS, USGS, and other federal and state agencies and deposit these materials with local libraries.

C

C

C

C

3.4.2

Maintain local library repositories with the latest available publications

C

C

C

3.5.1

Distribute hazard mitigation brochures to area schools for distribution to students.

O

C

C

3.6.1

Increase media coverage of threat and evacuation

procedures during peak wildfire times of the year;

distribute informational packages in high and moderate wildfire risk areas

C

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

3.6.2

Organize drought information meetings for the public and media.

O

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

6 Water Board reports no drought supply problems

4.1.1

Enforce dumping regulations

O

O

O

4.1.2

Develop projects and measures to restore streams to their natural functions to help manage floods and filter runoff.

C

4.1.3

Support the development of greenways and walking

trails in public parks. This can be incorporated into the new subdivisions where land is suitable and available.

X

C

4.2.1

Seek technical assistance through the Alabama Cooperative Extension System with BMPs for channel and drainage system maintenance

C

X

1, 3 Change to Alabama Forestry Commission

4.2.2

Develop a county wide tree management program to reduce the probability of damage to existing aboveground utilities from severe winter storm events that includes provisions to encourage the planting of species that are less susceptible to damage and ensures that trees are planted sufficiently far from above ground utility lines and buildings. Place a higher priority on tree trimming/maintenance along utility easements

O

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

4.2.3

Use controlled burns to decrease the amount of fuel

load in the identified moderate and high wildfire hazard areas.

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

4.2.4

Develop an urban tree and landscaping plan under the City of Arab Beautification Board and Tree

Commission. The plan should ensure preservation of existing trees, include streetscape plans, and address maintenance of existing streetscapes

X

D

3 Lack of funding

4.3.1

Provide advice to jurisdictions on potential new

sources of water during extreme drought

C

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Provided by local Work Works (all jurisdictions)

4.3.2

Encourage water suppliers to assess vulnerability of existing supply systems and share that information with local government

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

6 Uses a different water source from other jurisdictions

4.3.3

Encourage the implementation of programs by utilities for water metering and leak detection programs

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

4.4.1

Encourage common areas in residential subdivisions to assure permanent protection of those areas for the benefit of the public

X

2 Political

4.4.2

Protect wetlands by preventing unsound development that would change their natural condition.

O

X

2 No known wetlands

5.1.1

Prepare and adopt an Outdoor Warning Sirens Plan for Marshall County, including consideration of the unique geographical location, technical requirements, system types and operational procedures of each local jurisdiction. The plans should include a review of existing outdoor warning siren coverage and recommend new locations if and where there are coverage gaps. Install new warning sirens in accordance with the plan recommendations

C

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

5.1.2

Seek solutions to and funding for upgrades to existing communication systems and forge a united agreement among county and city leaders as well as E-911 provider with regards to interoperable communications to support early tornado identification and dissemination of watches and warnings

D

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.1.3

Evaluate existing flood warning systems and needs for system upgrades and expanded coverage.

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Administrative & Technical (all jurisdictions)

5.1.4

Install warning signs and public announcements to

alert citizens in flood prone areas and on low-lying

roadways of the dangers

C

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Lack of funding (all jurisdictions)

5.1.5

Explore options for improving the ability of local units of government to report flooding and flash flooding events, receive information, respond and request assistance.

X

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.1.6

Develop a comprehensive communication system

(interoperability) between the County and local

governments with procedure templates describing

warning systems.

C

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Political, Lack of funding & Technical (all jurisdictions)

5.1.7

Coordinate with utilities and transportation authorities to improve rapid communications between emergency services and the private sector when basic services might be disrupted during extended periods of extreme heat and cold.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.1.8

Develop a program for dispatchers to train in severe weather early warning and dissemination

C

5.2.1

Review existing public shelters and recommend new locations if and where there are coverage gaps. Include provisions for special needs populations in shelter expansion and improvement plans.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.2.2

Work with county and city leaders in developing

standardized procedures for identifying shelters as predisaster, tornado shelters, and post-disaster shelters. Develop Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) with facility owners. Coordinate this measure with the American Red Cross (ARC), the Alabama Department of Human Resources (DHR,) and the Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH)

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.2.3

Determine how to accommodate individuals with special needs both in the emergency operations plan for the shelter and in the design of the shelter, including compliance with the American with Disabilities Act (ADA).

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.2.4

Develop a centralized County database of all shelter facilities, both pre-disaster and post-disaster, for all jurisdictions.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.2.5

Keep up-to-date lists of addresses with shelters to assist fire departments, emergency services agencies, and communities; coordinate the distribution of these lists to the appropriate local government officials

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.2.6

Construct safe rooms within new public buildings, such as new schools, libraries, community centers, and other public buildings where feasible

X

NR

C

5.2.7

Continue program to subsidize safe room construction in existing homes

C

X

X

1, 3, 4 Lack of funding

5.2.8

Encourage the construction of safe rooms in new and existing construction. Distribute FEMA Publication 320 - Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room in Your House - through building permit and inspection offices.

O

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.3.1

Continue to offer weather spotter training courses;

make training a requirement within local fire and

police departments. (Note: The EMA office works

closely with the NWS-WFO in Huntsville in offering Basic Storm Spotters Classes twice a year. The EMA has an established database of trained and certified basic storm spotters, which includes amateur radio operators and the general public. The EMA continues to recruit new volunteers on a regular basis to be active storm spotters under this program. The program began in 2002 and continues to expand. As of March 2004, the program had 23 trained storm spotters who are also licensed amateur radio operators. These operators are part of the EMA-sponsored .Marshall County Auxiliary Radio Services. (MCARS) Unit which also provides auxiliary radio capabilities as a replacement for or supplement to communication for both pre and post disaster

operations.)

C

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

5.4.1

Support the Alabama Skywarn Foundation efforts to distribute weather radios to low-income households, especially in rural areas outside of siren coverage areas

C

5.4.2

Continue to promote the purchase and usage of NOAA weather radios in all schools, assisted living facilities, hospitals, nursing homes, day care facilities, churches, businesses, industries, and the general public, especially in homes with no outdoor warning siren coverage. (Note: The EMA conducts a Storm Readiness Program.. It promotes weather radio usage during Severe Weather Awareness Week, at all storm spotter classes, and while addressing community and business groups. All schools in Marshall County have a NOAA Weather

Radio in the Superintendent's Office, and all schools are on the EMA.s 800 MHz system,

which allows for Real Time communication of

impending and actual severe weather events. Early

warning through the 800Mhz system continues to

ensure that school officials receive as timely a warning as possible. School officials have been able to activate tornado safety procedures 2-5 minutes in advance of the NWS Office warning due to the 800 MHz network between the NWS Office in Huntsville, the Marshall County EMA, and the school boards)

X

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.5.1

Purchase portable generators and deploy them as

miniature sub-stations to help rapidly restore power to at-risk citizens after a severe storm event.

D

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Lack of funding (all jurisdictions)

5.5.2

Establish back-up emergency power to all radio stations.

D

1 Lack of funding

5.6.1

Initiate damage assessment training for emergency

response personnel to include building inspection

personnel that encompasses structural, electrical,

plumbing and heating expertise, which would be

invaluable in storm damage assessment. Establish a triage-like procedure for initial evaluation of structural and mechanical damage to structures caused by severe storms.

C

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Political, Administrative, & Lack of funding (all jurisdictions)

5.6.2

Establish a uniform damage reporting procedure for all jurisdictions to utilize in Marshall County with Marshall County Emergency Management Agency as the clearinghouse for damage assessment data following a severe storm event.

X

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.6.3

Establish a data management system to identify

drought-related agricultural losses so subsidy

programs can be utilized to their full advantage

C

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Administered by the State (all jurisdictions)

5.7.1

Enhance and expand training and awareness of fire

departments in wildfire hazard areas and provide

specialized equipment for controlling and extinguishing wildfires.

O

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.8.1

Provide emergency preparedness information and resources for extreme temperature events through an active educational outreach program with specific plans and procedures for senior citizens and disabled persons.

C

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

5.8.2

Maintain listing of locations of special needs groups

C

5.8.3

Maintain listing of locations of Alzheimer patients

O

5.9.1

Provide emergency preparedness information and

resources for the protection and care of animals during extended periods of extreme heat or cold.

C

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

5.9.2

Provide farmers with list of livestock watering locations during extreme drought. Encourage the establishment of water hauling programs for livestock during extreme drought.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

Initiated by the Extension Services

5.9.3

Train emergency personnel in the proper handling and care of animals during times of disaster

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.10.1

Evaluate the need for a unified fire advisory system to identify fire risk during extended periods of extreme heat and cold.

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.11.1

Coordinate with service support groups to provide a list of Cooling/Warming Centers. for use during extended periods of extreme heat or cold to at-risk citizens

X

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.12.1

Evaluate the need for and the purchase of new snow removal equipment to include deicing machinery and chemicals and train an adequate number of operators to ensure snow removal coverage during severe winter storm events.

C

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Not a need in the County (all jurisdictions)

5.12.2

Develop and adopt winter maintenance procedures that include smart salting techniques, and applying deicing chemicals before severe winter storms happen

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

5.12.3

Increase the number of pumper trucks to serve rural areas

5.13.1

Continue to upgrade and enhance implementation of the Critical Response Plan developed by the City of Arab EMA

C

NR

5.13.2

Continue evaluation of the existing mutual aid system for the Marshall County region

D

6.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods

X

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Lack of funding &Costly (all jurisdictions)

6.1.2

Rebuild, replace, and upgrade any and all storm

drainage systems and ditches deemed inadequate to

handle flash flooding events

D

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Lack of funding; applied for funding in the past (all jurisdictions)

6.1.3

Evaluate storm sewer system, including culverts,

floodwalls, channels, and ponds to determine flood

control capabilities, as part of city comprehensive plan elements for natural hazards mitigation; identify projects for in the CIP

D

X

1 ,3 Lack of funding

6.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Lack of funding (all jurisdictions)

6.2.2

Encourage and actively pursue the cleaning of all

ditches, streams and creeks to allow for the quick

removal of excess water and disallow future flash

flooding in low lying areas.

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Lack of funding (all jurisdictions)

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