greenLRChapter 5 - Risk Assessment
Chapter 7 - Plan Maintenance ProcessgreenR

CHAPTER 6

2009 Marshall County Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan


Chapter 6 - Mitigation Strategy

6.1 Federal Requirements for the Mitigation Strategy
6.2 Summary of Plan Updates
6.3 Goals for Hazard Mitigation
6.4 Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Actions and Projects
6.5 Participation and Compliance with the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)
6.6 Implementation of Mitigation Actions
6.7 Multi-Jurisdictional Community Mitigation Action Programs

6.1 Federal Requirements for the Mitigation Strategy

This chapter of the Plan addresses the Mitigation Strategy requirements of 44 CFR Section 201.6 (c) (3), as follows:

"201.6 (c)(3) A mitigation strategy that provides the jurisdiction's blueprint for reducing the potential losses identified in the risk assessment, based on existing authorities, policies, programs and resources, and its ability to expand on and improve these existing tools. This section shall include:

(i) A description of mitigation goals to reduce or avoid long-term vulnerabilities to the identified hazards.

(ii) A section that identifies and analyzes a comprehensive range of specific mitigation actions and projects being considered to reduce the effects of each hazard, with particular emphasis on new and existing buildings and infrastructure. All plans approved by FEMA after October 1, 2008, must also address the jurisdiction's participation in the NFIP, and continued compliance with NFIP requirements, as appropriate.

(iii) An action plan describing how the actions identified in paragraph (c) (3) (ii) of this section will be prioritized, implemented, and administered by the local jurisdiction. Prioritization shall include a special emphasis on the extent to which benefits are maximized according to a cost benefit review of the proposed projects and their associated costs.

(iv) For multi-jurisdictional plans, there must be identifiable action items specific to the jurisdiction requesting FEMA approval or credit of the plan."


Back To Top

6.2 Summary of Plan Updates

Table 6-1 summarizes changes made to the 2004 plan as a result of the 2009 plan update, as follows:

Table 6-1. Summary of Plan Updates

Section

Change

6.3

Goals for Hazard Mitigation

2004 goals and objectives reviewed and modified based on current conditions; removed Emergency Services goal and hazard specific goals; expanded vision statement to include underlying principles and purposes; reviewed compatibility with State goals.

6.4

Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Actions and Projects

Updates the listing of alternative measures considered; administers a new HMPC exercise to garner recommended actions and projects.

6.5

Participation and Compliance with the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Describes pending participation by newly-mapped communities and ongoing commitment of existing NFIP participants to enhance flood plain management program activities.

6.6

Implementation of Mitigation Actions

Describes new selection criteria for mitigation actions and projects.

6.7

Multi-Jurisdictional Community Mitigation Action Programs

Creates new five-year action programs for each participating community.

Back To Top

6.3 Goals for Hazard Mitigation

6.3.1 Description of How the Goals were Developed

The goals in the 2004 plan have been updated based on current conditions, including the completion of mitigation measures over the five-year plan implementation cycle (see Appendix C "2004 Plan Implementation Status"), the 2009 update to the risk assessment in Chapter 5, the update to the risk assessment in the 2007 Alabama State Hazard Mitigation Plan, and the update of State goals and mitigation priorities reflected in the State Hazard Mitigation Plan.

The Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC) evaluated the validity and effectiveness of the goals from the previous 2004 plan and determined that most of the goals statements should be retained in this 2009 update. The previously approved plan also included objectives, and this update carries forward many of the same objectives. Some objectives have been modified and new objectives have been added to better identify and select among available mitigation measures that best respond to the considerations listed in the next paragraph (see Appendix F "Alternative Mitigation Measures"). The 2004 implementation status report in Appendix C "2004 Plan Implementation Status" documents which objectives have been met.

Among the considerations reviewed by the planning team during the process of updating this goals section of the mitigation strategy were the following concerns:

6.3.2 The Vision for Disaster-Resistant Marshall County Communities

The communities of Marshall County envision active resistance to the threats of nature to human life and property through publicly-supported mitigation measures with proven results. Each community within the County embraces a long-term commitment to reduce the exposure and risks of natural and man-made hazards within its jurisdiction by activating all available resources through cooperative intergovernmental and private sector initiatives, augmenting public knowledge and awareness, and enhancing local mitigation capabilities.

This shared vision among all Marshall County local governments can be achieved through a long-term hazard mitigation strategy that fully responds to the following hazards identified by this plan:

The attainment of this vision requires successful implementation of a comprehensive range of mitigation measures that promote the following underlying principles and purposes:

6.3.3 Community Goals and Objectives

The goals and objectives to guide the Mitigation Strategy and achieve the long-range vision shared among Marshall County communities are presented here:

1. Prevention Goal. Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

Objectives:

1.1 Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth. Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.2 Capital Improvements Plan. Establish a five to six-year capital improvements planning process to fund capital projects recommended by the comprehensive plan or this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

1.3 Zoning and Land Development Controls. Establish effective development controls, where applicable, to vulnerable land areas to discourage environmentally incompatible land use and development.

1.4 Subdivision Regulations. Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.5 Building and Technical Codes. Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from hazard damages.

1.6 Flood Plain Management Programs. Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.7 Storm Water Management Regulations. Manage the impacts of land development to local drainage systems and waterways through comprehensive regulations designed to control the rate of post-development storm water discharge and adverse erosion and sedimentation impacts.

1.8 Dam Safety Management. Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.9 Open Space Requirements. Minimize disturbances of natural land features through regulations that maintain critical natural features as open space for parks, conservation areas, landscaping, and drainage.

1.10 Open Burning Regulations. Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.11 Safe Room/Shelter Requirements. Ensure the protection of people from dangerous high winds caused by tornadoes, severe storms, and hurricanes through special regulatory standards for safe room and shelter construction.

1.12 Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations. Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.13 Critical Facilities Assessments. Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.14 Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Maintain a comprehensive database of hazard locations, socioeconomic data, infrastructure, and critical facilities inventories.

1.15 Technology Programs. Apply modern technology to establish planning support systems for hazard mitigation.

1.16 Planning Studies. Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

2. Property Protection Goal. Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

Objectives:

2.1 Acquisition Projects. Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.2 Building Elevations. Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.3 Flood Proofing. Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.4 Building Retrofits. Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.5 Critical Facilities Protection. Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.6 Emergency Power Generation. Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

3. Public Education and Awareness Goal. Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

Objectives:

3.1 Community Hazard Mitigation Plan Distribution. Distribute the hazard mitigation plan to elected officials, interested agencies and organizations, businesses, and residents, using all available means of publication and distribution.

3.2 Flood Map Information. Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.3 Outreach Projects. Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.4 Hazard Insurance Awareness. Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.5 Real Estate Disclosure. Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.6 Library. Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7 Technical Assistance. Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.8 Education Programs. Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.9 Mass Media Relations. Utilize all available mass media, such as, newspapers, radio, TV, cable access, internet blogs, podcasts, video sharing, and on-line social networking, to increase public awareness and distribute public information on hazard mitigation topics.

3.10 NOAA Weather Radio Programs. Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

4. Natural Resources Protection Goal. Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

Objectives:

4.1 Wetlands Protection. Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.2 Open Space Easements and Acquisitions. Acquire easements and fee-simple ownership of environmentally beneficial lands, such as hillsides, flood plains, and wetlands to assure permanent protection of these natural resources.

4.3 River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection. Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.4 Urban and Rural Forestry Programs. Maintain a healthy forest that can help mitigate the damaging impacts of wildfires, flooding, erosion, and landslides.

4.5 Water Resources Conservation Programs. Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs that can mitigate the effects of droughts and help assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

5. Structural Projects Goal. Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

Objectives:

5.1 Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements. Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.2 Drainage System Maintenance. Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.3 Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction. Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

6.3.4 Compatibility with 2007 Alabama State Plan Goals

The 2009 Marshall County vision, goals, and objectives are reflective of the goals adopted in the 2007 Alabama State Hazard Mitigation Plan. The State plan includes the following six goals for statewide hazard mitigation:

  1. Establish a comprehensive statewide hazard mitigation system.
  2. Reduce the State of Alabama's risk from natural hazards.
  3. Reduce vulnerability of new and future development.
  4. Reduce the State of Alabama's vulnerability to natural hazards.
  5. Foster public support and acceptance of hazard mitigation.
  6. Establish interagency hazard mitigation cooperation.

Alabama local governments, including Marshall County communities, are the fundamental building blocks of the "comprehensive statewide hazard mitigation system." The underlying principles and purposes of the 2009 Marshall County goals, listed in Subsection 6.3.2, complement the remaining five State goals, as follows: (a) to reduce or eliminate risks from natural and man-made hazards; (b) to reduce the vulnerability of existing, new, and future development of buildings and infrastructure; (c) to minimize exposure and vulnerability of people, buildings, critical facilities, and infrastructure to identified hazards; (d) to increase public awareness and support of hazard mitigation; and (e) to establish interagency cooperation for conducting hazard mitigation activities.

Back To Top

6.4 Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Actions and Projects

The strategic planning approach for identifying and analyzing mitigation actions and projects follows five categories of a comprehensive hazard mitigation program, which also form the basis for the goals of this plan. These program categories have been developed by FEMA for managing a successful mitigation program and were used here as guidelines for identifying and sorting the alternative mitigation measures:

The process by which the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC) and local jurisdictions finally selected among the available mitigation measures within each of the above categories applied the STAPLEE method. STAPLEE examines social, technical, administrative, political, legal, environmental, and economic considerations. For a more detailed description of the evaluation and selection process see Section 6.6 "Implementation of Mitigation Actions."

HMPC representatives from each jurisdiction participated in the evaluation and selection of the mitigation measures. Not all of the mitigation measures initially considered were included in the final Community Mitigation Action Programs (see Table 6-4 "2009-2014 Community Mitigation Action Programs" in Section 6.7). The STAPLEE evaluation eliminated many of the measures. Also, some communities did not have the capabilities to carry out a particular measure under consideration or had other concerns revealed by the STAPLEE method.

Each community's capabilities to implement the selected mitigation measures were assessed by the planning team. A report of this assessment is documented in Appendix B "Community Mitigation Capabilities." Related to this assessment is the review of local plans, studies, regulatory tools and other local planning and regulatory tools. These tools present opportunities for integrating hazard mitigation objectives. Mitigation measures to improve these tools to better integrate mitigation objectives were considered and, where deemed appropriate, selected for the action programs.

In addition to STAPLEE and community capabilities, the communities examined other evaluation criteria, including consistency with the vision, goals, and objectives; weight of benefit to cost; FEMA and State funding priorities for Hazard Mitigation Assistance grants; and the fiscal and staffing capacities of the jurisdictions for carrying out the measures.

The final mitigation actions and projects considered for this plan update required the planning team to identify and analyze a very broad list of myriad mitigation action items, including those documented in Appendix F "Alternative Mitigation Measures." The Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC), with the assistance of the professional planning team, generated an extensive list of action items. The HMPC finally determined which actions and projects developed would be appropriate for each jurisdiction.

In developing a list of mitigation measures for potential loss reduction, the planning team utilized three main sources: the 2004 Marshall County, Alabama, Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan, the 2007 Alabama State Hazard Mitigation Plan, and the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee. First, the planning team took the mitigation measures presented to the HMPC in 2004 and used them as base measures for the HMPC to consider for the plan update (see Appendix C "2004 Plan Implementation Status"). Second, the team added the action items that are listed in the 2007 Alabama State Hazard Mitigation Plan mitigation strategy, in which the State assigned implementation responsibility to local jurisdictions. Third, mitigation actions the HMPC developed through various exercises which were not covered by either the 2004 plan or the 2007 state plan were added to the list (see Appendix F "Alternative Mitigation Measures").

In addition to those main sources listed above, various mitigation guides and publications published by FEMA in its "How-to" series were consulted for inclusion in the list. Mitigation measures that resulted in loss reduction to existing and new buildings and infrastructure were chosen for the final list of considered measures.

Each identified measure was entered into a table, which listed the hazard(s) addressed, the effects on new or existing buildings or infrastructure, whether the measure is an action or a project, if any project had the potential for FEMA HMA funding, and the origin or source of the measure. Each item was categorized with other measures that fulfilled common goals and objectives. The final comprehensive list is presented in Table 6-2 "Range of Mitigation Actions and Projects Considered."


Table 6-2. Range of Mitigation Actions and Projects Considered

Mitigation Actions and Projects Considered

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed

Affects New or Existing Buildings or Infrastructure

Action or Project

Potential for FEMA HMA Grant

Source

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.1

Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth.

Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.1.1

Update the community's comprehensive plan for future growth and development that integrates the findings and recommendations of this multi-hazard mitigation plan and support Smart Growth principles. Consider the addition of a natural hazards element, which includes the risk assessment findings of this plan and carries over its goals, objectives, and mitigation measures into the comprehensive plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

Both

Project

2004 plan, 2009 plan update

1.1.2

Prepare a five-year capital improvements plan (CIP) to include capital projects to implement the natural hazards element of the community's comprehensive plan or projects identified in the Community Mitigation Action Program of this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

Both

Action

2004 plan, 2009 plan update

1.1.3

Create local plans that address the vulnerability of designated hazard areas and encourage open space uses as amenities for recreation and conservation of fragile resources.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

Both

Action

2004 plan, 2009 plan update

1.2

Zoning and Land Development Controls.

Establish effective development controls, where applicable, to vulnerable land areas to discourage environmentally incompatible land use and development.

1.2.1

Consider large lot size zoning restrictions on flood-prone areas designated on Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

Flooding

New

Action

2004 plan

1.2.2

Evaluate additional land use restrictions within designated flood zones, such as prohibitions against storage of buoyant or hazardous materials and restrictive development controls within flood ways, among others.

Flooding, man-made hazards

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.2.3

Update zoning regulations to include maximum impervious surface standards for non-residential developments.

Flooding

New

Action

2004 plan

1.2.4

Update zoning regulations to require various open space and landscaping standards for land development proposals.

Flooding

New

Action

2004 plan, 2007 State plan

1.2.5

Require delineation of flood plain fringe, floodways, and wetlands on all plans submitted with a permit for development within a flood plain.

Flooding

Both

Action

2007 State plan

1.3

Subdivision Regulations.

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

New

Action

2009 plan update

1.4

Building and Technical Codes.

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.1

Promote good construction practices and proper code enforcement to eliminate most structural problems during natural hazard events.

All natural hazards

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.4.2

Evaluate building code standards for roof construction to assure protection against wind damage from hurricanes, tornadoes, and windstorms; encourage installation of "hurricane clips."

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes

New

Action

2004 plan

1.4.3

Encourage the relocation of existing utility lines underground, and consider local regulations to require the placement of all new utility lines underground.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.4.5

Establish and enforce minimum property maintenance standards to eliminate unsafe structures.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, man-made hazards

Existing

Action

2004 plan

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.1

Train local flood plain managers through programs offered through the State Flood Plain Manager and FEMA's training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.5.2

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.5.3

Promote the adoption of a uniform flood hazard prevention ordinance with higher regulatory standards that discourage flood plain development and seek to maintain the natural and beneficial functions of flood plains.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan, 2009 plan update

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Existing

Project

2009 plan update

1.6

Storm Water Management Regulations .

Manage the impacts of land development to local drainage systems and waterways through comprehensive regulations designed to control the rate of post-development storm water discharge and adverse erosion and sedimentation impacts.

1.6.1

Enact and enforce a storm water management ordinance that maintains pre-development runoff rates for major developments.

Flooding

New

Action

2004 plan

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

Both

Action

2009 plan update

1.8

Open Space Requirements .

Minimize disturbances of natural land features through regulations that maintain critical natural features as open space for parks, conservation areas, landscaping, and drainage.

1.8.1

Examine regulatory options and feasibility of requiring open space areas for recreation, landscaping, and drainage control.

Flooding

New

Action

2009 plan update

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

Existing

Action

2004 plan

1.10

Safe Room/Shelter Requirements .

Ensure the protection of people from dangerous high winds caused by tornadoes, severe storms, and hurricanes through special regulatory standards for safe room and shelter construction.

1.10.1

Promote the enactment of local ordinances to require community storm shelters within sizeable mobile home parks, subdivisions, and RV parks.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Existing

Action

2004 plan

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Both

Action

2009 plan update

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes,

man-made hazards

Existing

Action

X

2007 State plan, 2009 plan update

1.12.2

Conduct wildfire vulnerability assessments, and prepare a comprehensive inventory to identify high and moderate wildfire risk areas. Assess the vulnerability of critical facilities and number of residential properties in these risk areas.

Wildfire

Both

Project

X

2004 plan

1.12.3

Examine vulnerable bridges for potential retrofits/replacements to mitigate flood damages.

Flooding

Existing

Project

X

2004 plan

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

Existing

Project

X

2009 plan update

1.13

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .

Maintain a comprehensive database of hazard locations, socio-economic data, infrastructure, and critical facilities inventories.

1.13.1

Maintain risk assessment data in GIS, including flood zones, tornado tracks, sinkhole threat areas, dam inundation areas, disaster events, and a comprehensive inventory of critical facilities within all jurisdictions.

Tornadoes, flooding, wildfires, hurricanes, dam/levee failures, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.13.2

Integrate FEMA HAZUS-MH applications for hazard loss estimations within local GIS programs. Maintain up-to-date data within GIS to apply the full loss estimation capabilities of HAZUS.

Flooding, earthquakes, hurricanes

Existing

Action

2004 plan

1.13.3

Document the extents of each flooding event using GIS.

Flooding

Existing

Action

2004 plan

1.13.4

Work with TVA, the NWS, and the County GIS to maintain inundation mapping downstream of Guntersville and Nickajack Dams.

Flooding, dam/levee failure

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.14

Technology Programs .

Apply modern technology to establish planning support systems for hazard mitigation.

1.14.1

Prepare and adopt an Outdoor Warning Sirens Plan for Marshall County, including consideration of the unique geographical location, technical requirements, system types and operational procedures of each local jurisdiction. The plans should include a review of existing outdoor warning siren coverage and recommend new locations if and where there are coverage gaps. Install new warning sirens in accordance with the plan recommendations.

Tornadoes

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.14.2

Evaluate existing flood warning systems and needs for system upgrades and expanded coverage.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

1.14.3

Install and maintain a comprehensive network of lake, river, and stream gages for the purpose of monitoring water surface and precipitation levels for monitoring flooding events. Provide publicly-accessible Web access to the network.

Flooding

Both

Project

2009 plan update

1.14.4

Install automatic icing indicators on critical bridges and overpasses.

Winter storms/freezes

Both

Project

2009 plan update

1.14.5

Determine the feasibility of telephone -based flood warning systems for select geographic areas.

Flooding

Existing

Project

2009 plan update

1.14.6

Create a back-up site with communications equipment for 911 services, and develop the capability to re-route communications from one 911 communication tower to another in the event of tower failure.

All

Both

Action

2009 plan update

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.1

Carry out detailed planning and engineering studies for sub-basins in critical flood hazard areas to determine watershed-wide solutions to flooding. Develop comprehensive watershed-scale storm management plans. Areas that have unique flooding and storm related issues must be considered. Multi-jurisdictional hot spots or high priority projects should be identified where watershed level solution projects could be applied.

Flooding

Both

Project

2004 plan, 2007 State plan

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential need for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Existing

Action

2004 plan

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Existing

Project

2004 plan

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Both

Project

2004 plan

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Both

Project

2009 plan update

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.1

Acquisition Projects .

Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain.

Flooding

Existing

Project

X

2004 plan

2.2

Building Elevations .

Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.2.1

Examine building elevation alternatives to acquisition of flood prone properties.

Flooding

Existing

Project

X

2009 plan update

2.3

Flood Proofing .

Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.3.1

Determine feasibility of flood proofing non-residential buildings as an alternative to elevation.

Flooding

Existing

Project

X

2009 plan update

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

Both

Project

X

2007 State plan, 2009 plan update

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

Existing

Project

2009 plan update

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Existing

Project

X

2009 plan update

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All natural hazards

Both

Project

X

2004 plan, 2009 plan update

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.1

Community Hazard Mitigation Plan Distribution.

Distribute the hazard mitigation plan to elected officials, interested agencies and organizations, businesses, and residents, using all available means of publication and distribution.

3.1.1

Distribute the full 2009 plan document to local officials, stakeholders, and interested individuals through internet download.

All

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.1

Distribute materials and conduct other outreach activities and workshops to encourage families and individuals to implement hazard mitigation measures in their homes.

All

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.3.2

Distribute materials to inform developers of available methods for creating natural fire breaks and defensible spaces around property.

Wildfires

New

Action

2009 plan update

3.3.3

Distribute public information on the hazardous effects of winter storm events and how to mitigate damages from such events, including hazards of unheated houses, guidance on the use of portable and standby generators, fire hazards associated with space heaters, protecting plumbing during a winter storm, and coping with power failures.

Winter storms/freezes

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.3.4

Distribute public information to encourage property owners to keep maintain trees to avoid threats to lives and property during storm events.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

3.3.6

Distribute outreach materials to inform the public of appropriate actions to take in the event of a hazardous material release.

Man-made hazards

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

Both

Action

2004 plan

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determinations for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.6

Library.

Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.6.1

Maintain repositories of FEMA hazard information publications at local public and school libraries.

All

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.7

Technical Assistance.

Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7.1

Provide technical assistance to homeowners, builders, and developers on flood protection alternatives.

Flooding

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.1

Conduct public hazard mitigation education and awareness workshops.

All

Both

Action

2007 State plan

3.8.2

Increase public awareness of storm mitigation activities, including storm warnings and advisories.

Flooding, winter storms, severe storms, tornadoes

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.8.4

Provide public awareness information on the effects of extreme temperature events through an active educational outreach program with specific plans and procedures to protect senior citizens and disabled persons.

Droughts/heat waves, winter storms/freezes

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.9

Mass Media Relations .

Utilize all available mass media, such as, newspapers, radio, TV, cable access, internet blogs, podcasts, video sharing, and on-line social networking to increase public awareness and distribute public information on hazard mitigation topics.

3.9.1

Maintain ongoing media relations to keep the public informed on the threats of hazards and the means to mitigate the effects of property damages and loss of life.

All

Both

Action

2009 plan update

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.1

Distribute free weather radios to needy families through corporate sponsorships.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Existing

Action

2009 plan update

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.1

Wetlands Protection .

Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.1.1

Keep builders and developers informed of Federal wetlands permitting requirements through the Corps of Engineers.

Flooding

Both

Action

2009 plan update

4.2

Open Space Easements and Acquisitions.

Acquire easements and fee-simple ownership of environmentally beneficial lands, such as hillsides, flood plains, and wetlands to assure permanent protection of these natural resources.

4.2.1

Consider the creation of a non-profit land trust organization to oversee public open space acquisitions and donations.

Flooding, wildfires, landslides

Both

Action

2009 plan update

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

4.4

Urban and Rural Forestry Programs .

Maintain a healthy forest that can help mitigate the damaging impacts of wildfires, flooding, erosion, and landslides

4.4.1

Promote the implementation of Best Management Practices for forest land among forest managers.

Wildfires

Both

Action

2007 State plan

4.4.2

Use controlled burns to decrease the amount of fuel load in the identified moderate and high wildfire hazard areas.

Wildfires

Both

Action

2004 plan

4.4.3

Encourage local tree commissions to develop urban tree maintenance and planting plans within public spaces and ROWs.

Flooding, severe storms, droughts/heat waves, wildfires

Both

Action

2004 plan

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs.

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

Both

Action

2009 plan update

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.1

Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements.

Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads; investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods; and identify structural improvements.

Flooding

Existing

Project

X

2004 plan

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance.

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

Both

Action

2004 plan

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction.

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Both

Project

X

2009 plan update

Back To Top

6.5 Participation and Compliance with the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Marshall County and its municipal jurisdictions, with the exception of the Town of Union Grove, have been mapped and the floodplain identified. The 2004 plan (Mitigation Measure 1.6.7) recommended that the towns of Douglas, Grant and Union Grove perform flood studies to determine if they needed to join the NFIP. The towns of Douglas and Grant were mapped in March of 2008 and at the time this 2009 plan was updated, had not yet adopted a local floodplain ordinance. Both communities were working with the State NFIP Coordinator to adopt the State's model flood plain management ordinance and enter the NFIP.

The jurisdictions of Marshall County, Albertville, Arab, Boaz and Guntersville all are members in good standing with the NFIP. All of these jurisdictions had their maps updated and digitized in 2008. The County Engineer, who is a member of the HMPC, provided oversight of the Map Modernization process on behalf of all jurisdictions. All NFIP communities in Marshall County have continued to effectively enforce and keep their floodplain ordinances current since their original entry into the program. Local flood plain ordinance administrators provide technical assistance to applicants and keep abreast of changes in flood plain management requirements through the State NFIP Coordinator. All communities, except for the Town of Union Grove (which has no areas of special flood hazards mapped by FEMA), have developed five-year action programs to improve local flood plain management programs (see specific action items for each community in Section 6.7, Goal 1 Prevention, Objective 1.5 Flood Plain Management Program). Demonstrations of community commitment to effective implementation of the NFIP include the following actions:

The following Table 6-3 provides information on the NFIP participation status of Marshall County jurisdictions:

Table 6-3. NFIP Community Status, Marshall County Jurisdictions

Community ID

Jurisdiction

Current Effective Map Date

Status

010275

Marshall County

03/18/08

Participating

010366

Albertville

03/18/08

Participating

010345

Arab

03/18/08

Participating

010276

Boaz

09/26/08(M)

Participating

010311

Guntersville

03/18/08

Participating

010459

Douglas

03/18/08

Not Participating

010282

Grant

03/18/08

Participating

-------

Union Grove

Not Mapped

Not Mapped

(M)=No Elevations Determined - All Zone A, C and X
Source: NFIP Community Status Book, 3/30/09

Since the 2004 plan, two jurisdictions which were not previously mapped, the towns of Douglas and Grant, were mapped on 3/18/2008. Grant adopted their flood ordinance and maps on May 4, 2009 and entered the NFIP. As of May 2009, officials from the town of Douglas were taking steps with the support of the State NFIP Coordinator to enter the NFIP. Community maps for all other participating communities were also updated in digital form on 3/18/2008. The Town of Union Grove is not a member of the NFIP and does not have any special flood hazard areas identified.

Back To Top

6.6 Implementation of Mitigation Actions

The range of measures identified in Section 6.4 "Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Actions and Projects" was the source for all actions and projects selected by the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC) and the planning team for inclusion in the five-year Community Mitigation Action Programs for each jurisdiction (see Section 6.7). Each jurisdiction assigned a priority to selected measures, established a general completion schedule, assigned administrative responsibility for carrying out the measures, estimated costs, where possible, and identified potential funding sources, including potential eligibility for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance Programs.

Social, technical, administrative, political, legal, environmental, and economic considerations - often referred to as the STAPLEE method - guided the evaluation of the range of measures considered by the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC) and its final recommended action programs for each participating jurisdictions. The STAPLEE method addressed the following areas of concern and responded to many of the questions presented here:

  1. Social Considerations.
  2. Technical Considerations.
  3. Administrative Considerations.
  4. Political Considerations.
  5. Legal Considerations.
  6. Environmental Considerations.
  7. Economic Considerations.

The STAPLEE evaluation also facilitated the prioritization of measures. If a measure under consideration was found to be financially feasible and had high ratings, it was given a higher priority for implementation than measures that fell lower in the rating. Moreover, a general economic evaluation was performed as part of the STAPLEE method, as described above. Weighing potential economic benefits to reducing damages against costs made it possible to select among competing projects. Especially important to the selection process is the estimated cost and availability of funds through local sources and potential FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs. Prior to implementation of projects proposed for HMA funding, a detailed benefit-cost analysis (BCA) will be required.

All of the above considerations and prioritization methods resulted in the final Community Mitigation Actions Programs presented in Section 6.7 below.

Back To Top

6.7 Multi-Jurisdictional Community Mitigation Action Programs

Table 6-4 lists all identifiable mitigation measures for each participating jurisdictions. A separate action program has been established for each community. The proposed measures are within the authority of the jurisdiction or are part of a joint effort among multiple jurisdictions covered by this plan. Each jurisdiction participated in the development of its action program through its representative(s) on the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC), who identified and analyzed a comprehensive range of mitigation actions and projects that address each identified hazard. All actions included in these programs are achievable and within the capabilities of each jurisdictions. The planning team completed a comprehensive assessment of each jurisdiction's capacity to undertake hazard mitigation activities, and the results are reported in Appendix B "Community Mitigation Capabilities." The action programs include multiple mitigation actions for each jurisdiction and each profiled hazard.

This is an updated multi-jurisdictional plan for 2009. As such, the status of measures proposed in the last 2004 plan have been reported in Appendix C "2004 Plan Implementation Status," which identifies each measure as completed, ongoing, not completed but deferred for the 2009 plan, or not completed and deleted from the 2009 plan update. The reasons for deferring or deleting a measure were categorized in the status report as lack of funding, administrative, political, technical, or legal. The updated plan also includes new mitigation measures added through the plan update process. The sources for these new measures are noted in Table 6-2 "Range of Mitigation Actions and Project Considered." The sources for new measures include those measures recommended for implementation by local governments in the 2007 Alabama State Plan update and measures recommended by the Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee (HMPC) and planning team in the 2009 plan update. Mitigation measures that remain unchanged from the previously approved plan include ongoing measures and measures that were deferred for the reasons noted in the 2004 implementation status report.

Table 6-4, which follows, presents the 2009-2014 Community Mitigation Action Programs for all participating jurisdictions. Priorities are High , Medium, and Low. Timelines are Short-Range (less than 2 years), Mid-Range (2-4 years), Long-Range (more than 4 years) or Ongoing. TBD is "To Be Determined." FEMA HMA Grant (Hazard Mitigation Assistance) funds are subject to final eligibility determination, including, among other eligibility criteria, a positive benefit/cost analysis, and the availability of funds. Action programs are in alphabetical order by jurisdiction type (county, city, or town). Table 6-4 "2009-2014 Community Mitigation Action Programs" further notes how the measures will be implemented and administered. The action programs assign lead responsibility for implementation to a specific department or agency. Also noted are general cost estimates, and potential funding sources are identified. Additionally, each measure is identified as a Project or Action, and the hazards addressed by the measure are listed. All, where used to denote hazards addressed, includes all hazards identified in Chapter 5 "Risk Assessment."


Table 6-4. 2009-2014 Community Mitigation Action Programs

Marshall County Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.1

Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth .

Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.1.2

Prepare a five-year capital improvements plan (CIP) to include capital projects to implement the natural hazards element of the community's comprehensive plan or projects identified in the Community Mitigation Action Program of this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

Medium

Mid-Range

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.1

Train local flood plain managers through programs offered through the State Flood Plain Manager and FEMA's training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.2

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.3

Promote the adoption of a uniform flood hazard prevention ordinance with higher regulatory standards that discourage flood plain development and seek to maintain the natural and beneficial functions of flood plains.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

EMA

Project

TBD

TBD

1.6

Storm Water Management Regulations .

Manage the impacts of land development to local drainage systems and waterways through comprehensive regulations designed to control the rate of post-development storm water discharge and adverse erosion and sedimentation impacts.

1.6.1

Enact and enforce a storm water management ordinance that maintains pre-development runoff rates for major developments.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

County Commission

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Mid-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.2

Conduct wildfire vulnerability assessments, and prepare a comprehensive inventory to identify high and moderate wildfire risk areas. Assess the vulnerability of critical facilities and number of residential properties in these risk areas.

Wildfire

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.3

Examine vulnerable bridges for potential retrofits/replacements to mitigate flood damages.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

County Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Mid-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.13

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) .

Maintain a comprehensive database of hazard locations, socio-economic data, infrastructure, and critical facilities inventories.

1.13.1

Maintain risk assessment data in GIS, including flood zones, tornado tracks, sinkhole threat areas, dam inundation areas, disaster events, and a comprehensive inventory of critical facilities within all jurisdictions.

Tornadoes, flooding, wildfires, hurricanes, dam/levee failures, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

High

Ongoing

IT Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.13.2

Integrate FEMA HAZUS-MH applications for hazard loss estimations within local GIS programs. Maintain up-to-date data within GIS to apply the full loss estimation capabilities of HAZUS.

Flooding, earthquakes, hurricanes

High

Ongoing

IT Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.13.3

Document the extents of each flooding event using GIS.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

IT Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.13.4

Work with TVA, the NWS, and the County GIS to maintain inundation mapping downstream of Guntersville and Nickajack Dams.

Flooding, dam/levee failure

High

Ongoing

IT Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.14

Technology Programs .

Apply modern technology to establish planning support systems for hazard mitigation.

1.14.1

Prepare and adopt an Outdoor Warning Sirens Plan for Marshall County, including consideration of the unique geographical location, technical requirements, system types and operational procedures of each local jurisdiction. The plans should include a review of existing outdoor warning siren coverage and recommend new locations if and where there are coverage gaps. Install new warning sirens in accordance with the plan recommendations.

Tornadoes

High

Ongoing

EMA

Action

TBD

TBD

1.14.2

Evaluate existing flood warning systems and needs for system upgrades and expanded coverage.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

TBD

TBD

1.14.3

Install and maintain a comprehensive network of lake, river, and stream gages for the purpose of monitoring water surface and precipitation levels for monitoring flooding events. Provide publicly-accessible Web access to the network.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

EMA

Project

TBD

TBD

1.14.4

Install automatic icing indicators on critical bridges and overpasses.

Winter storms/freezes

Low

Long-Range

EMA

Project

TBD

TBD

1.14.5

Determine the feasibility of telephone -based flood warning systems for select geographic areas.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

EMA

Project

TBD

TBD

1.14.6

Create a back-up site with communications equipment for 911 services, and develop the capability to re-route communications from one 911 communication tower to another in the event of tower failure.

All

Medium

Mid-Range

E-911

Project

TBD

TBD

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.1

Carry out detailed planning and engineering studies for sub-basins in critical flood hazard areas to determine watershed-wide solutions to flooding. Develop comprehensive watershed-scale storm management plans. Areas that have unique flooding and storm related issues must be considered. Multi-jurisdictional hot spots or high priority projects should be identified where watershed level solution projects could be applied.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Project

TBD

TBD

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential need for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

TBD

TBD

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Low

Long-Range

EMA

Project

TBD

TBD

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

County Engineer

Project

TBD

TBD

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.1

Acquisition Projects .

Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.2

Building Elevations .

Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.2.1

Examine building elevation alternatives to acquisition of flood prone properties.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.3

Flood Proofing .

Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.3.1

Determine feasibility of flood proofing non-residential buildings as an alternative to elevation.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

Low

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

High

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

TBD

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

EMA

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.1

Community Hazard Mitigation Plan Distribution.

Distribute the hazard mitigation plan to elected officials, interested agencies and organizations, businesses, and residents, using all available means of publication and distribution.

3.1.1

Distribute the full 2009 plan document to local officials, stakeholders, and interested individuals through internet download.

All

High

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.1

Distribute materials and conduct other outreach activities and workshops to encourage families and individuals to implement hazard mitigation measures in their homes.

All

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.2

Distribute materials to inform developers of available methods for creating natural fire breaks and defensible spaces around property.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.3

Distribute public information on the hazardous effects of winter storm events and how to mitigate damages from such events, including hazards of unheated houses, guidance on the use of portable and standby generators, fire hazards associated with space heaters, protecting plumbing during a winter storm, and coping with power failures.

Winter storms/freezes

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.4

Distribute public information to encourage property owners to keep maintain trees to avoid threats to lives and property during storm events.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.6

Distribute outreach materials to inform the public of appropriate actions to take in the event of a hazardous material release.

Man-made hazards

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determinations for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.6

Library . Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.6.1

Maintain repositories of FEMA hazard information publications at local public and school libraries.

All

High

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.7

Technical Assistance .

Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7.1

Provide technical assistance to homeowners, builders, and developers on flood protection alternatives.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.1

Conduct public hazard mitigation education and awareness workshops.

All

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8.2

Increase public awareness of storm mitigation activities, including storm warnings and advisories.

Flooding, winter storms, severe storms, tornadoes

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8.4

Provide public awareness information on the effects of extreme temperature events through an active educational outreach program with specific plans and procedures to protect senior citizens and disabled persons.

Droughts/heat waves, winter storms/freezes

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.9

Mass Media Relations .

Utilize all available mass media, such as, newspapers, radio, TV, cable access, internet blogs, podcasts, video sharing, and on-line social networking to increase public awareness and distribute public information on hazard mitigation topics.

3.9.1

Maintain ongoing media relations to keep the public informed on the threats of hazards and the means to mitigate the effects of property damages and loss of life.

All

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.1

Distribute free weather radios to needy families through corporate sponsorships.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

TBD

Donations

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

TBD

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.1

Wetlands Protection .

Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.1.1

Keep builders and developers informed of Federal wetlands permitting requirements through the Corps of Engineers.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.2

Open Space Easements and Acquisitions.

Acquire easements and fee-simple ownership of environmentally beneficial lands, such as hillsides, flood plains, and wetlands to assure permanent protection of these natural resources.

4.2.1

Consider the creation of a non-profit land trust organization to oversee public open space acquisitions and donations.

Flooding, wildfires, landslides

Low

Long-Range

County Commission

Action

TBD

TBD

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

County Commission

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.4

Urban and Rural Forestry Programs .

Maintain a healthy forest that can help mitigate the damaging impacts of wildfires, flooding, erosion, and landslides

4.4.1

Promote the implementation of Best Management Practices for forest land among forest managers.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

EMA

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.4.2

Use controlled burns to decrease the amount of fuel load in the identified moderate and high wildfire hazard areas.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

County Commission

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.1

Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements .

Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads; investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods; and identify structural improvements.

Flooding

Medium

Long-range

County Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

5.3.2

Construct freestanding community storm shelters within accessible population centers.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-range

Mayor and Council

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant


City of Albertville Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.1

Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth .

Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.1.1

Update the community's comprehensive plan for future growth and development that integrates the findings and recommendations of this multi-hazard mitigation plan and support Smart Growth principles. Consider the addition of a natural hazards mitigation element, which includes the risk assessment findings of this plan and carries over its goals, objectives, and mitigation measures into the comprehensive plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Planning Commission

Project

$25,000

ADECA CDBG planning grant

1.1.2

Prepare a five-year capital improvements plan (CIP) to include capital projects to implement the natural hazards element of the community's comprehensive plan or projects identified in the Community Mitigation Action Program of this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Mayor, Council, and Planning Commission

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.1.3

Create local plans that address the vulnerability of designated hazard areas and encourage open space uses as amenities for recreation and conservation of fragile resources.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

Medium

Mid-Range

Planning Commission

Project

$15,000

ADECA parks and recreational trails grants

1.2

Zoning and Land Development Controls .

Establish effective development controls, where applicable, to vulnerable land areas to discourage environmentally incompatible land use and development.

1.2.5

Require delineation of flood plain fringe, floodways, and wetlands on all plans submitted with a permit for development within a flood plain.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.2

Evaluate building code standards for roof construction to assure protection against wind damage from hurricanes, tornadoes, and windstorms; encourage installation of "hurricane clips."

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.3

Encourage the relocation of existing utility lines underground, and consider local regulations to require the placement of all new utility lines underground.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes

Low

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.2

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

Flooding

Action

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Mid-Range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.1

Acquisition Projects .

Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.2

Building Elevations .

Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.2.1

Examine building elevation alternatives to acquisition of flood prone properties.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.3

Flood Proofing .

Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.3.1

Determine feasibility of flood proofing non-residential buildings as an alternative to elevation.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.2

Distribute materials to inform developers of available methods for creating natural fire breaks and defensible spaces around property.

Wildfires

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.6

Library .

Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.6.1

Maintain repositories of FEMA hazard information publications at local public and school libraries.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.7

Technical Assistance .

Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7.1

Provide technical assistance to homeowners, builders, and developers on flood protection alternatives.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.1

Wetlands Protection .

Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.1.1

Keep builders and developers informed of Federal wetlands permitting requirements through the Corps of Engineers.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.1

Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements .

Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads; investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods; and identify structural improvements.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

5.3.2

Construct freestanding community storm shelters within accessible population centers.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-range

Mayor and Council

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant



City of Arab Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.1

Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth .

Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.1.1

Update the community's comprehensive plan for future growth and development that integrates the findings and recommendations of this multi-hazard mitigation plan and support Smart Growth principles. Consider the addition of a natural hazards mitigation element, which includes the risk assessment findings of this plan and carries over its goals, objectives, and mitigation measures into the comprehensive plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

High

Short-Range

City Planner

Project

$25,000

ADECA CDBG planning grant

1.1.2

Prepare a five-year capital improvements plan (CIP) to include capital projects to implement the natural hazards element of the community's comprehensive plan or projects identified in the Community Mitigation Action Program of this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

High

Short-Range

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.1.3

Create local plans that address the vulnerability of designated hazard areas and encourage open space uses as amenities for recreation and conservation of fragile resources.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

Medium

Mid-Range

City Planner

Project

$15,000

ADECA parks and recreational trails grants

1.2

Zoning and Land Development Controls .

Establish effective development controls, where applicable, to vulnerable land areas to discourage environmentally incompatible land use and development.

1.2.1

Consider large lot size zoning restrictions on flood-prone areas designated on Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.2

Evaluate additional land use restrictions within designated flood zones, such as prohibitions against storage of buoyant or hazardous materials and restrictive development controls within flood ways, among others.

Flooding, man-made hazards

Low

Long-Range

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.3

Update zoning regulations to include maximum impervious surface standards for non-residential developments.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.4

Update zoning regulations to require various open space and landscaping standards for land development proposals.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.5

Require delineation of flood plain fringe, floodways, and wetlands on all plans submitted with a permit for development within a flood plain.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.1

Promote good construction practices and proper code enforcement to eliminate most structural problems during natural hazard events.

All natural hazards

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.2

Evaluate building code standards for roof construction to assure protection against wind damage from hurricanes, tornadoes, and windstorms; encourage installation of "hurricane clips."

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.3

Encourage the relocation of existing utility lines underground, and consider local regulations to require the placement of all new utility lines underground.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes

Low

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.5

Establish and enforce minimum property maintenance standards to eliminate unsafe structures.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, man-made hazards

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.1

Train local flood plain managers through programs offered through the State Flood Plain Manager and FEMA's training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.2

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

1.6

Storm Water Management Regulations .

Manage the impacts of land development to local drainage systems and waterways through comprehensive regulations designed to control the rate of post-development storm water discharge and adverse erosion and sedimentation impacts.

1.6.1

Enact and enforce a storm water management ordinance that maintains pre-development runoff rates for major developments.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.8

Open Space Requirements .

Minimize disturbances of natural land features through regulations that maintain critical natural features as open space for parks, conservation areas, landscaping, and drainage.

1.8.1

Examine regulatory options and feasibility of requiring open space areas for recreation, landscaping, and drainage control.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential need for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.1

Acquisition Projects .

Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.2

Building Elevations .

Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.2.1

Examine building elevation alternatives to acquisition of flood prone properties.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.3

Flood Proofing .

Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.3.1

Determine feasibility of flood proofing non-residential buildings as an alternative to elevation.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.1

Distribute materials and conduct other outreach activities and workshops to encourage families and individuals to implement hazard mitigation measures in their homes.

All

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.2

Distribute materials to inform developers of available methods for creating natural fire breaks and defensible spaces around property.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.3

Distribute public information on the hazardous effects of winter storm events and how to mitigate damages from such events, including hazards of unheated houses, guidance on the use of portable and standby generators, fire hazards associated with space heaters, protecting plumbing during a winter storm, and coping with power failures.

Winter storms/freezes

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.4

Distribute public information to encourage property owners to keep maintain trees to avoid threats to lives and property during storm events.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.6

Library .

Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.6.1

Maintain repositories of FEMA hazard information publications at local public and school libraries.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.7

Technical Assistance .

Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7.1

Provide technical assistance to homeowners, builders, and developers on flood protection alternatives.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.1

Wetlands Protection . Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.1.1

Keep builders and developers informed of Federal wetlands permitting requirements through the Corps of Engineers.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.4

Urban and Rural Forestry Programs .

Maintain a healthy forest that can help mitigate the damaging impacts of wildfires, flooding, erosion, and landslides

4.4.3

Encourage local tree commissions to develop urban tree maintenance and planting plans within public spaces and ROWs.

Flooding, severe storms, droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

City Planner

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.1

Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements .

Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads; investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods; and identify structural improvements.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

5.3.2

Construct freestanding community storm shelters within accessible population centers.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-range

Mayor and Council

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant


City of Boaz Mitigation Action Program

Marshall County Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.1

Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth .

Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.1.1

Update the community's comprehensive plan for future growth and development that integrates the findings and recommendations of this multi-hazard mitigation plan and support Smart Growth principles. Consider the addition of a natural hazards mitigation element, which includes the risk assessment findings of this plan and carries over its goals, objectives, and mitigation measures into the comprehensive plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

High

Short-Range

Planning Commission

Project

$25,000

ADECA CDBG planning grant

1.1.2

Prepare a five-year capital improvements plan (CIP) to include capital projects to implement the natural hazards element of the community's comprehensive plan or projects identified in the Community Mitigation Action Program of this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

High

Short-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.1.3

Create local plans that address the vulnerability of designated hazard areas and encourage open space uses as amenities for recreation and conservation of fragile resources.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

$15,000

ADECA parks and recreational trails grants

1.2

Zoning and Land Development Controls .

Establish effective development controls, where applicable, to vulnerable land areas to discourage environmentally incompatible land use and development.

1.2.2

Evaluate additional land use restrictions within designated flood zones, such as prohibitions against storage of buoyant or hazardous materials and restrictive development controls within flood ways, among others.

Flooding, man-made hazards

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.5

Require delineation of flood plain fringe, floodways, and wetlands on all plans submitted with a permit for development within a flood plain.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.1

Promote good construction practices and proper code enforcement to eliminate most structural problems during natural hazard events.

All natural hazards

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.2

Evaluate building code standards for roof construction to assure protection against wind damage from hurricanes, tornadoes, and windstorms; encourage installation of "hurricane clips."

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.3

Encourage the relocation of existing utility lines underground, and consider local regulations to require the placement of all new utility lines underground.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.5

Establish and enforce minimum property maintenance standards to eliminate unsafe structures.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, man-made hazards

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.1

Train local flood plain managers through programs offered through the State Flood Plain Manager and FEMA's training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.2

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

1.6

Storm Water Management Regulations .

Manage the impacts of land development to local drainage systems and waterways through comprehensive regulations designed to control the rate of post-development storm water discharge and adverse erosion and sedimentation impacts.

1.6.1

Enact and enforce a storm water management ordinance that maintains pre-development runoff rates for major developments.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish of State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.8

Open Space Requirements .

Minimize disturbances of natural land features through regulations that maintain critical natural features as open space for parks, conservation areas, landscaping, and drainage.

1.8.1

Examine regulatory options and feasibility of requiring open space areas for recreation, landscaping, and drainage control.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board, Snead State

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board, Snead State

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential need for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.1

Acquisition Projects .

Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.2

Building Elevations .

Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.2.1

Examine building elevation alternatives to acquisition of flood prone properties.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.3

Flood Proofing .

Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.3.1

Determine feasibility of flood proofing non-residential buildings as an alternative to elevation.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.1

Distribute materials and conduct other outreach activities and workshops to encourage families and individuals to implement hazard mitigation measures in their homes.

All

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.2

Distribute materials to inform developers of available methods for creating natural fire breaks and defensible spaces around property.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.3

Distribute public information on the hazardous effects of winter storm events and how to mitigate damages from such events, including hazards of unheated houses, guidance on the use of portable and standby generators, fire hazards associated with space heaters, protecting plumbing during a winter storm, and coping with power failures.

Winter storms/freezes

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.4

Distribute public information to encourage property owners to keep maintain trees to avoid threats to lives and property during storm events.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.6

Library .

Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.6.1

Maintain repositories of FEMA hazard information publications at local public and school libraries.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.7

Technical Assistance .

Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7.1

Provide technical assistance to homeowners, builders, and developers on flood protection alternatives.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.1

Wetlands Protection .

Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.1.1

Keep builders and developers informed of Federal wetlands permitting requirements through the Corps of Engineers.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.1

Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements .

Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads; investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods; and identify structural improvements.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

5.3.2

Construct freestanding community storm shelters within accessible population centers.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-range

Mayor and Council

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant


City of Guntersville Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.1

Comprehensive Plans and Smart Growth .

Establish an active comprehensive planning program that is consistent with Smart Growth principles of sustainable community development.

1.1.1

Update the community's comprehensive plan for future growth and development that integrates the findings and recommendations of this multi-hazard mitigation plan and support Smart Growth principles. Consider the addition of a natural hazards mitigation element, which includes the risk assessment findings of this plan and carries over its goals, objectives, and mitigation measures into the comprehensive plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

High

Short-Range

Planning Commission

Project

$25,000

ADECA CDBG planning grant

1.1.2

Prepare a five-year capital improvements plan (CIP) to include capital projects to implement the natural hazards element of the community's comprehensive plan or projects identified in the Community Mitigation Action Program of this multi-hazard mitigation plan.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes

High

Short-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.1.3

Create local plans that address the vulnerability of designated hazard areas and encourage open space uses as amenities for recreation and conservation of fragile resources.

Flooding, wildfires, dam/levee failure, landslides, sinkholes, man-made hazards

Medium

Mid-Range

City Engineer

Project

$15,000

ADECA parks and recreational trails grants

1.2

Zoning and Land Development Controls .

Establish effective development controls, where applicable, to vulnerable land areas to discourage environmentally incompatible land use and development.

1.2.2

Evaluate additional land use restrictions within designated flood zones, such as prohibitions against storage of buoyant or hazardous materials and restrictive development controls within flood ways, among others.

Flooding, man-made hazards

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.4

Update zoning regulations to require various open space and landscaping standards for land development proposals.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.2.5

Require delineation of flood plain fringe, floodways, and wetlands on all plans submitted with a permit for development within a flood plain.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.1

Promote good construction practices and proper code enforcement to eliminate most structural problems during natural hazard events.

All natural hazards

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.2

Evaluate building code standards for roof construction to assure protection against wind damage from hurricanes, tornadoes, and windstorms; encourage installation of "hurricane clips."

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.3

Encourage the relocation of existing utility lines underground, and consider local regulations to require the placement of all new utility lines underground.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes

Low

Ongoing

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4.5

Establish and enforce minimum property maintenance standards to eliminate unsafe structures.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, man-made hazards

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.1

Train local flood plain managers through programs offered through the State Flood Plain Manager and FEMA's training center in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.2

Obtain membership for local flood plain managers in the Association of State Flood Plain Managers.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

1.6

Storm Water Management Regulations .

Manage the impacts of land development to local drainage systems and waterways through comprehensive regulations designed to control the rate of post-development storm water discharge and adverse erosion and sedimentation impacts.

1.6.1

Enact and enforce a storm water management ordinance that maintains pre-development runoff rates for major developments.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.8

Open Space Requirements .

Minimize disturbances of natural land features through regulations that maintain critical natural features as open space for parks, conservation areas, landscaping, and drainage.

1.8.1

Examine regulatory options and feasibility of requiring open space areas for recreation, landscaping, and drainage control.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential need for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Building Inspector

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

City Engineer

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.1

Acquisition Projects .

Eliminate recurring flood and other natural hazard damages to existing buildings through locally-sponsored property acquisition programs which involve the demolition of vulnerable buildings and the establishment of permanent open space.

2.1.1

Implement a voluntary program of flood protection and property acquisition and relocation for high-risk residences and repetitive loss properties. Survey property owners to determine interest and assess cost. Assist local units of government to identify funding sources to acquire and remove or otherwise protect existing homes in the flood plain.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

City Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.2

Building Elevations .

Reduce exposure of existing buildings to flood damage by raising the finish floor elevations above the 100-year flood elevations to prevent interior water damage.

2.2.1

Examine building elevation alternatives to acquisition of flood prone properties.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

City Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.3

Flood Proofing .

Flood proof existing flood-prone buildings where building elevations are not feasible.

2.3.1

Determine feasibility of flood proofing non-residential buildings as an alternative to elevation.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

City Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

City Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.1

Distribute materials and conduct other outreach activities and workshops to encourage families and individuals to implement hazard mitigation measures in their homes.

All

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.2

Distribute materials to inform developers of available methods for creating natural fire breaks and defensible spaces around property.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.3

Distribute public information on the hazardous effects of winter storm events and how to mitigate damages from such events, including hazards of unheated houses, guidance on the use of portable and standby generators, fire hazards associated with space heaters, protecting plumbing during a winter storm, and coping with power failures.

Winter storms/freezes

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.4

Distribute public information to encourage property owners to keep maintain trees to avoid threats to lives and property during storm events.

Tornadoes, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

City Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.6

Library .

Use local library resources to educate the public on hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.6.1

Maintain repositories of FEMA hazard information publications at local public and school libraries.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.7

Technical Assistance .

Make qualified local government staff available to advise property owners on various hazard risks and mitigation alternatives.

3.7.1

Provide technical assistance to homeowners, builders, and developers on flood protection alternatives.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.1

Wetlands Protection .

Protect wetlands by preventing adverse development impacts and preserve their capabilities to store flood waters, reduce downstream flows and filter water.

4.1.1

Keep builders and developers informed of Federal wetlands permitting requirements through the Corps of Engineers.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Building Inspector

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.1

Reservoirs and Drainage System Improvements .

Control flooding through reservoirs and other structural improvements, where deemed cost effective and feasible, such as levees/floodwalls, diversions, channel modifications, dredging, drainage modifications, and storm sewers.

5.1.1

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads; investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods; and identify structural improvements.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant


Town of Douglas Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Mid-Range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Town Clerk

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Town Clerk

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

County Engineer

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Town Clerk

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant


Town of Grant Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5

Flood Plain Management Program.

Effectively administer a comprehensive flood plain management program, which meets or exceeds the minimum standards of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

1.5.4

Maintain active participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.5.5

Participate in the "Turn Around Don't Drown" program by purchasing and installing signs in known flash flood bridge overpass locations.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.11

Public Right-of-Way Maintenance Regulations .

Enforce regulations to prevent dumping and littering in the public ROW and share maintenance responsibilities with adjoining property owners.

1.11.1

Adopt and enforce an ordinance prohibiting filling in or obstructing drainage flows within ditches.

Flooding

Low

Long-Range

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Mid-Range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

Planning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Town Clerk

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Town Clerk

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

County Engineer

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.2

Flood Map Information .

Provide public access to Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) information.

3.2.1

Make digital flood map information freely available to the public through the internet and other media resources.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Town Clerk

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant


Town of Union Grove Mitigation Action Program

#

Goals, Objectives, and Mitigation Measures

Hazards Addressed
Priority
Timeline
Lead Responsibility for Carrying Out the Measure
Type of Measure
Estimated Cost
Potential Funding Source(s)

1

Goal for Prevention:

Manage the development of land and buildings to minimize risks of loss due to natural and man-made hazards.

1.3

Subdivision Regulations .

Establish subdivision standards that sufficiently prevent damages to property from natural hazards.

1.3.1

Continue to enforce subdivision construction standards for drainage improvements.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.4

Building and Technical Codes .

Review local codes for effectiveness of standards to protect buildings and infrastructure from natural hazards.

1.4.4

Review fire safety ordinances for open burning and the use of liquid fuel and electric space heaters.

Wildfires

Medium

Mid-Range

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.7

Dam Safety Management .

Establish a comprehensive dam safety inspection and monitoring program.

1.7.1

Support legislation to establish a State dam safety inspection program.

Dam/levee failures

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.9

Open Burning Regulations .

Enforce open burning restrictions to prevent the spread of wild fires.

1.9.1

Enforce open burning laws.

Wildfires

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.12

Critical Facilities Assessments .

Perform assessments of critical facilities (hospitals, schools, fire and police stations, emergency operation centers, special needs housing, and others) to address building and site vulnerabilities to hazards, identify damage control and retrofit measures to reduce vulnerability to damage and disruption of operations during severe weather and disaster events.

1.12.1

Perform vulnerability assessments of all public schools and colleges to identify retrofit projects to improve the safety of occupants and mitigate damages from hazards.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Short-Range

School Board

Action

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.12.4

Perform structural engineering assessments of all public school buildings to identify vulnerabilities and feasible retrofit measures.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, man-made hazards

High

Mid-Range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

1.15

P

lanning Studies .

Conduct special plans and studies, as needed, to identify hazard risks and develop mitigation projects.

1.15.2

Develop a program to identify those existing mobile homes and older buildings throughout Marshall County that have the most potential for anchoring against straight-line and tornado force winds.

Tornadoes, severe storms

Low

Long-Range

Town Clerk

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.3

Identify existing culturally or socially significant structures and critical facilities within Marshall County that have the most potential for losses from natural hazard events and identify needed structural upgrades.

Flooding, tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes

Medium

Mid-Range

Town Clerk

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.4

Evaluate road elevation and culvert sizing standards for construction upgrade on all county and city roads. Investigate current roadways located in flash flood-prone areas to ensure compliance with current standards for design year floods.

Flooding

Medium

Mid-Range

County Engineer

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

1.15.5

Inventory and map existing fire hydrants throughout the county, and identify areas in need of new fire hydrants.

Wildfires

Low

Long-Range

Fire Department

Project

No additional cost

Existing funds

2

Goal for Property Protection:

Protect structures and their occupants and contents from the damaging effects of natural and man-made hazards.

2.4

Building Retrofits .

Retrofit existing buildings to safeguard against possible damages from natural hazards.

2.4.1

Encourage the retrofitting of existing buildings for protection against natural hazards.

Tornadoes, severe storms, hurricanes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5

Critical Facilities Protection .

Protect critical facilities from potential damages and occupants from harm in the event of natural hazards through retrofits or relocations of existing facilities located in high-risk zones or construction of new facilities for maximum protection from all hazards.

2.5.1

Install lightning and/or surge protection on existing critical facilities.

Severe storms

High

Short-Range

TBD

Project

TBD

TBD

2.5.2

Perform retrofits to critical facilities for maximum protection from hazards.

All

Medium

Ongoing

TBD

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

2.5.3

Conduct ongoing tree trimming programs along power lines.

Severe storms

High

Ongoing

TBD

Action

TBD

Existing funds

2.6

Emergency Power Generation .

Maintain electric power in the event of loss during severe storms and other natural hazards to assure uninterrupted operations of critical facilities and prevent major disruptions and consequential damages.

2.6.1

Establish back-up emergency power to all critical facilities, with highest priority to emergency services for police and fire.

All

High

Ongoing

Fire Department

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

3

Goal for Public Education and Awareness:

Educate and inform the public about the risks of hazards and the techniques available to reduce threats to life and property.

3.3

Outreach Projects .

Conduct ongoing outreach projects to increase public awareness of natural and man-made hazard risks and give the public information on steps to protect themselves and their properties.

3.3.5

Conduct outreach programs to inform the public of flood plain locations.

Flooding

Low

Ongoing

Town Clerk

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.4

Hazard Insurance Awareness .

Increase public awareness of flood insurance and special riders that may be required for earthquake, landslide, sinkhole, and other damages typically not covered by standard property protection policies.

3.4.1

Promote the purchase of insurance coverage by property owners and renters for flooding, sinkhole, and earthquake damages in high-risk areas.

Flooding, sinkholes, earthquakes

High

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.5

Real Estate Disclosure .

Encourage real estate agents to disclose flood plain location for property listings.

3.5.1

Assist real estate agents with flood map determination for MLS property listings.

Flooding

Medium

Ongoing

County Engineer

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.8

Education Programs .

Use schools and other community education resources to conduct programs on topics related to hazard risks and mitigation measures.

3.8.3

Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in fire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Wildfires

Medium

Ongoing

Fire Department

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

3.10

NOAA Weather Radio Programs .

Promote the use of inexpensive weather radios in critical facilities, institutions, businesses, and homes as a means for advance warning to implement mitigation measures and to increase public awareness of hazard risks.

3.10.2

Maintain weather radios in all critical facilities.

Tornadoes, flooding, severe storms, winter storms/freezes, hurricanes, wildfires

High

Short-Range

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4

Goal for Natural Resources Protection:

Preserve and restore the beneficial functions of the natural environment to promote sustainable community development that balances the constraints of nature with the social and economic demands of the community.

4.3

River/Stream Corridor Restoration and Protection .

Restore and protect river and stream corridors to assure their natural and beneficial functions to manage floods and filter runoff.

4.3.1

Adopt and enforce regulations prohibiting dumping and littering within river and stream corridors.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

4.5

Water Resources Conservation Programs .

Protect water quantity and quality through water conservation programs to mitigate the effects of droughts and assure uninterrupted potable water supplies.

4.5.1

Enforce water use restrictions during periods of drought to conserve existing water supplies.

Droughts/heat waves, wildfires

High

Ongoing

Mayor and Council

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5

Goal for Structural Projects:

Apply engineered structural modifications to natural systems and public infrastructure to reduce the potentially damaging impacts of hazards, where found to be feasible, cost effective, and environmentally suitable.

5.2

Drainage System Maintenance .

Perform regular maintenance of streams and drainage ways to assure adequate conveyance of flood waters.

5.2.1

Prepare and implement standard operating procedures for drainage system maintenance. Ensure storm drains and ditches are not blocked and are able to receive water in flood prone areas.

Flooding

High

Ongoing

Mayor

Action

No additional cost

Existing funds

5.3

Community Storm Shelter/Safe Room Construction .

Construct freestanding, single-purpose community storm shelters or safe rooms within buildings used for other purposes to provide temporary shelter from hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.

5.3.1

Construct safe rooms in all existing and new public schools.

Tornadoes, severe storms

High

Mid-range

School Board

Project

TBD

FEMA HMA Grant

Back To Top